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Basic Sourdough Bread Recipe

This Basic Sourdough Bread recipe is simple to make but tastes anything but basic! A detailed tutorial with a video!

Basic Sourdough Bread Recipe Tutorial

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Uncertain and unsettling times make me seek comfort in baking and cooking. Based on the number of friends, who up until this point I didn’t know even had an oven, asking me about baking bread, and the influx of bread posts on Instagram;  I think it is safe to say that I am not alone here.

Just three weeks ago I was the pastry chef at two busy Manhattan restaurants and barely had time to breathe. Now it feels like there is too much air.

Basic Sourdough Bread Tutorial

All that is left to do is bake and share everything I know with all of you. Teaching brings me joy and I am welcoming all the joy.

Brace yourselves.

There is nothing that I love more in this world than bread. And that love is backed up by more knowledge than most mere bread-mortals can handle…before falling asleep that is.

Basic Sourdough Bread Tutorial

I’ll be sparing (for me) but also feel free to skip to the recipe while I wax poetic about gluten. 😍

Le sigh. Sourdough, mon amour.

Basic Sourdough Bread Tutorial

 

Sourdough is a labor of love. The whole process starts several days before you even want to eat your bread! If you haven’t been maintaining your sourdough starter daily, then take her out of the fridge at least 2 days before you want to make your loaf. Let her sit  at room temperature a 12 hours before you feed her. Then start feeding her nightly.

This recipe calls for a liquid levain, which just a fancy way of saying a starter with more water than flour. There is no need to maintain a liquid and a regular starter, simply feed part of your starter a different ratio of water to flour!

 

The recipe calls for a very specific amount of starter in the levain build, because making bread is all about control, which brings us to our main focus in this tutorial…CONTROL

{Can I get a cheer from the fellow control-freaks out there!}

 

Controlling your Bread: A short(ish) Discussion

  • Control your starter: Controlling how the bread will rise starts the night before with your starter.  There is only a small amount (10%) of active starter in the levain build because you want it to double and be at its most active after 12-16 hours after you mix it. If you use too much starter, the yeast will reach its peak too fast and your bread will not be as light!
  • Control your Ingredients: Use a kitchen scale for accuracy! I didn’t include volume measurements for a reason. They are inconsistent and bread is a delicate balance of flour, water, salt and yeast; and adding just an extra tablespoon of one will change the whole recipe.
  • Controlling Temperature: Temperature is one of the most important factors in making bread from scratch and one of the most difficult to control. Controlling temperature starts with the temperature of your water. When I want my dough to go faster, I use warmer water; but when I want it to be a slow and controlled rise, I use cold water. Additionally, if I am relying on “a warm place” in my apartment or the restaurant in the winter, I use warm water. Ain’t got time for that nonsense.
  • Controlling the Flavor: With a bread this simple the main flavors are the flour and the starter. If you mix too much in a machine and the dough gets hot, it will destroy the flavonoids in the flour and your bread will taste like processed white bread. Sad.
    • Dry those eyes! That is why we autolyze. An autolyze is when you mix the flour and water together and then let it sit for 15 or more minutes to develop gluten all on its own. In this recipe you need to add all the ingredients because the starter contains a significant amount of the total water for the recipe. You can, and should, still autolyze but it shouldn’t be more than 30 minutes, or it will start to proof.
  • Controlling the Gluten: You need just enough gluten to create a structure that will support the ingredients of the dough and also trap the gas that is released by the yeast. The perfect balance will give you that tender crumb (inside of the loaf) and also a light and airy bread. You can also develop the dough too much and then the gluten network will begin to break down. This is pretty much the only thing you can’t recover from when making bread.
  • Control the Shape: You choose the shape for your final loaf by your needs. This same recipe can be shaped into dinner rolls, tiny bâtards, a loaf or a large boule (round). But a successful crumb is dependent on ensuring the dough stays in the shape you want while it is proofing and baking. You need to organize the gluten strands to trap as much steam and gas as possible so you end up with large beautiful holes in the crumb. This begins with the preshape. Don’t skip it! The preshape allows the gluten to become accustomed to its final shape. Think of it like easing her into her final home. Then the bench rest allows the gluten to relax so that you can final shape without tearing or aggravating the gluten.
  • Controlling the Rise: You want a slow and controlled rise with sourdough, so that it has a chance to develop flavor and the gluten needed to support the structure. You can add a bit of commercial yeast to the dough and it will rise faster but you will sacrifice some flavor. Sometimes, tbh, this is totally worth it. Just saying.
    • This control is also why I chose to retard the loaf overnight in the refrigerator, so I could bake it the next day. I needed to do this for the filming of the video, but you could also final proof in a warm spot and bake the same day. It’s all about control.
  • Control the Steam: This is more complicated and important than it seems! The first part is controlling how the steam escapes your bread, and you do this by scoring. Cutting the dough in several places dictates where the steam escapes your bread and will also allow for the maximum volume in your loaf. The score needs to be deep enough and not too close to the top of bottom of the loaf. This continues with controlling the steam in the oven. Steam in the first half of the baking process keeps the crust soft and allow the bread to rise as much as possible in the oven before the yeast die. If the crust forms too soon, then the loaf will never reach its full potential. And that would be tragic.
    • At home, I use a Dutch oven to capture the steam from the loaf but you can also use a pan. Preheat the pan or metal baking dish in the bottom of your oven and right before you shut your bread inside, pour warm water into the dish so it creates steam, shut the door and say a little prayer that its enough. After 20 minutes remove the top from the Dutch oven or open the door to allow the remaining steam to escape. This is when the crust will form! I can smell it already!
  • Control Yourself: Technically speaking you should let the bread cool so that the crumb completely sets and all the alcohol evaporates, but honestly, I find self-control around sourdough overrated. You do you; I won’t tell. 😉

Overwhelmed? Don’t be. You’ve got this!

Basic Sourdough Bread Tutorial

The way you learn to bake perfect sourdough is by practice and by messing it up. Trust me, I’ve been there. I’ve struggled through the frustrations of loaves that won’t rise (I’m lookin’ at you sun-dried tomato sourdough); dough so sticky you want to cry in frustration; dough that over-proofs while you were fighting with savory cooks for control of the oven; under-scored; over-scored; over-mixed; and this list goes on and on!

But that moment when you cut into a fresh loaf and you bury your nose deep into its sourdough center inhaling all your hard work and the yeasty, comforting scent of fresh bread; that moment makes it all worth it.

And without further ado the recipe…

Basic Sourdough Bread Recipe Tutorial {Video}

Total Time: 8 hours

Yield: 1 Loaf

Basic Sourdough Bread Recipe Tutorial {Video}

This Basic Sourdough Bread recipe is simple to make but tastes anything but basic! A detailed tutorial with a video!

Ingredients

  • Levain Build:
  • 65 g All-Purpose Flour
  • 81 g Water
  • 7 g Yesterday’s starter
  • Final Dough:
  • 340 g All-purpose flour
  • 38 g Rye Flour
  • 226 g Water
  • 10 g Salt
  • 150 g Liquid Levain (above)
  • Additional Ingredients:
  • Rice flour, for dusting the proof basket if using

Instructions

  1. Mix the Liquid Levain:
  2. The 12 to 14 hours before you want to mix your dough, build the levain. In a clean container mix the flour, water and starter. Stir with a small spatula until the water has hydrated the flour. With this small of a quantity I find it easier to double the amount of the levain build, so that there is room for waste and you have enough to make your dough.
  3. Make the Final Dough:
  4. Combine all ingredients for the final dough in the bowl of a stand mixer fitted with the dough hook. You can also incorporate the ingredients with a paddle. Once the flour has been completely incorporated, let the dough sit for 15 minutes (autolyze) to develop gluten.
  5. Turn the mixer up to medium speed to develop the gluten. With a dough that has this amount of water, it will be difficult to develp on the gluten in a home stand mixer, so mix until you see strands forming on the top and the dough looks like it is pulling away from the sides of the bowl. This dough will not form a ball around the hook because it is too wet of a dough (this is what we want!).
  6. Scoop dough into an oiled bowl and cover with plastic wrap.
  7. Place in a warm spot for 30 minutes.
  8. First set of folds: Fold each of the four sides into the center, pulling the dough up and allowing it to smack down on top of the remaining dough in the bowl. This is developing more gluten! Cover and proof an additional 15 minutes.
  9. Final set of folds: Repeat the process as with the first set of folds. By the point the dough should hold together very well and stay in a ball in the center after you’ve completed your folds. If it immediately relaxes out to the sides of the bowl, you don’t have enough gluten and you should repeat this process again. It just means that you didn’t develop as much gluten in the mixer. This isn’t a bad thing! Its just a process!
  10. Bulk Proof: Cover the dough and place back into the warm spot to proof. Check the dough every 45 minutes. This will take about 2.5 hours. You want to oil or flour your hand and feel the dough. It should feel light and airy and not stiff or dense.
  11. Pre-shape: Dust the top of the dough in the bowl with flour. Turn the dough out onto a lightly (I mean lightly!) floured surface. Fold each of the four sides towards you into the center, turning the dough after each fold. This will create a little packet. Flip the dough so the seam in on the counter. Shape it into a round by using both hands to pull the dough towards you. Once you have a round ball with a smooth top, allow it to sit and bench rest for 15 minutes.
  12. Final Shape: Repeat the same process as with the pre-shape. Place the dough on a piece of parchment or flip it upsidedown into a proof basket that has been dusted with rice flour. Cover with plastic wrap.
  13. To bake same day: Place the basket back into the warm spot and allow to rise another 2.5 to 3 hours or until it feels light and airy and has doubled in volume in the basket. The volume will be tough to tell if you are proofing it on parchment because it doesn’t contain or control the shape of the sourdough. Proceed to the baking step below.
  14. To bake next day: Place covered basket into the refrigerator to retard the dough overnight. This will slow the proofing of the yeast and will allow you to bake 12-18 hours later.
  15. Baking: Preheat the oven to 450F convection or 470F non-convection with the Dutch oven or baking pan inside. Meanwhile, cut a piece of parchment a little larger than the loaf. When your oven is ready toss a little flour onto the dough then turn the dough out of the basket onto the parchment. [If you proofed your dough on parchment, skip this step] Score the dough using a lame, razor blade or pairing knife. You want to score midway between the bottom and the top. With this bread in a round shape, I like to make a square so that it rises straight up and maintains its round shape.
  16. Take the preheated Dutch oven from the oven, gently lower the dough into the pot and cover it with the lid. Place in the oven and bake 20 minutes. Remove the lid and continue baking 25 minutes or until the loaf is a dark amber brown.
  17. Remove the loaf from the Dutch oven, remove the parchment carefully, and then cool completely. This allows the crumb to set.
  18. Enjoy!

Notes:

Sometimes I will make an extra loaf and then cut it into slices, wrap it well in parchment then plastic wrap, and freeze it. I can then take out slices as I want them!

You can easily modify this loaf by adding fresh herbs like rosemary or thyme.

https://cheflindseyfarr.com/2020/04/basic-sourdough-bread-recipe/

Did you make this recipe? I want to hear all about it! 🥳Tag me on Instagram @cheflindseyfarr and use the hashtag #americanheritagecooking

20 Comments

  • Julietkitchen
    April 5, 2020 at 1:04 pm

    You did an amazing job Chef Lindsey. Instructions are easy to follow. Video is well done!

    Reply
    • Lindsey
      April 6, 2020 at 2:34 pm

      Thank you, love! Miss you and our time in bread school! Feels like forever ago.

      Reply
  • Josephine Havlak
    April 5, 2020 at 2:19 pm

    I am sorry about your job, but so glad to see your blog posts again! I will have to try this! First I have to make the starter.
    Thanks!

    Reply
    • Lindsey
      April 6, 2020 at 2:35 pm

      Hi Josephine! It made me smile to see your comment! It has been so long. I am working on a video for a starter. I filmed the last piece yesterday but I need to edit it!

      Reply
  • David @ Spiced
    April 6, 2020 at 6:53 am

    Lindsey!! Long time, no talk, my friend. I agree that it feels like we have more time than we know what to do with these days. But like you I’ve been baking sourdough bread, too. In fact, I’ve got another round proofing right now. I have to say that your scoring techniques are fantastic! Well done, my friend.

    Reply
    • Lindsey
      April 6, 2020 at 2:35 pm

      Hey David! Good to hear from you! It feels like everyone and their mother is baking bread right now! So much for all those gluten free people, amiright?! Stay safe!

      Reply
    • Debbie
      May 20, 2020 at 11:47 am

      I am having trouble with my liquid levain. It is not doubling. I use a very active starter but I’ve tried tried twice and have not gotten it to double. The first time I left it out at room temp and this time I put it in the oven on the proof setting. Lots of bubbles but not much rise. It also looks like this time there might have been some rise and it’s already fallen.. I assume this levain is trash. I did have a somewhat successful loaf last time even with a levain that didn’t look like it had doubled.
      Also, a big thanks for using this time away from work to teach! You are so good at it and I love your videos. They are so helpful and I think your way of helping during this time is so appreciated by so many people. Can’t wait to get back to NYC and visit your restaurant!!

      Reply
      • Lindsey
        May 20, 2020 at 12:22 pm

        Hi Debbie! Thank you for the compliments! I really appreciate it! I do love teaching – it is one of my favorite parts about being a pastry chef.

        So let me roll it back to make sure I understand. When you say you have a very active starter that you are using for your liquid levain, do you mean that your normal starter that you are maintaining and feeding every day is a stiff levain and then you are using that starter to make a liquid levain? Is your normal starter doubling? Or is your starter no longer doubling at all. A liquid levain will look a bit different than a stiff. The amount of water makes it difficult to trap large bubbles in the levain but that doesn’t mean it isn’t happy. How long are you keeping it in the oven on proof? It might be doubling and then starting to fall before you have a chance to look at it. Even the proof setting is pretty warm for a levain unless you are trying to rush it.

        Reply
  • […] Enough chit chat, I’m ready to bake some sourdough! Awesome! Here is my recipe for a basic sourdough bread! […]

    Reply
  • Sourdough Starter Recipe - Daily Wooz
    April 14, 2020 at 11:15 am

    […] Enough chit chat, I’m ready to bake some sourdough! Awesome! Here is my recipe for a basic sourdough bread! […]

    Reply
  • […] gets tough we cling to those edible comforts. Also it’s way easier than the other carby craze – sourdough. Waiting 14-36 hours for your comfort food takes a special kind of dedication. […]

    Reply
  • Driveway Gates
    April 24, 2020 at 6:17 am

    I really love these, Thanks for the recipe.
    my family will love this.

    Reply
    • Lindsey
      April 24, 2020 at 9:26 am

      Good! Enjoy!

      Reply
  • Debbie
    May 20, 2020 at 12:42 pm

    Thanks Lindsey. I do maintain a stiff starter and it doubles easily at a room temp between 73 and 75. My proof setting is at 85. The liquid levain has grown some and is very bubbly. It does look like it might have risen some and then fell a little. It’s very slightly over the mark where it started. I actually started two last night because I want to make two basic loaves and do the raisin bread. They behaved similarly. I fed my stiff one at the same time and it more than doubled. I think I will start again and watch it during the hours I’m awake to learn what it is doing. Perhaps I’ll make bread tomorrow. Thank you so much for responding!

    Reply
    • Lindsey
      May 20, 2020 at 12:54 pm

      You are most welcome! If your stiff starter is happy and doubling, then you probably just aren’t catching your liquid levain at the right time. I do suggest watching it during the day to see when it doubles. It’s super important you control how much old starter you are using to create your liquid levain.

      Also, go ahead and use your stiff starter for your bread while you figure out your liquid levain and just make up the difference with water in the recipe. So for my raisin bread, for example, just add an extra 25g of water to the sponge and use your stiff levain.

      Reply
  • Debbie
    May 20, 2020 at 12:58 pm

    Awesome. That is so helpful!! I am so happy to have a solution where I I don’t have to wait to bake.
    Have a great day and thanks again!!

    Reply
    • Lindsey
      May 20, 2020 at 12:59 pm

      Here for you and all the bread baking!! Enjoy! You have a lovely day as well 🙂

      Reply
  • […] pecan sourdough bread on repeat. I totally made this bread because I had eaten the last slice of this loaf, and I am almost finished! I pre-slice it, wrap it really well in plastic wrap and then freeze it. I […]

    Reply
  • AJ
    August 26, 2020 at 10:21 am

    I don’t have rye flour? Can I use AP flour instead of rye flour?

    Reply
  • AJ
    August 26, 2020 at 10:28 am

    I don’t have stand mixer and proofing basket? do I need both? Thanks

    Reply

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